LSD or d-lysergic acid diethylamide, belongs to a group of substances called hallucinogenic. It is also known as "acid" or "tripi". LSD is usually taken orally.
LSD is one of the most powerful chemicals capable of induce modified states of consciousness that alter sensory and cognitive processing.
- 1 Ways of manufacturing and consuming LSD
- 2 Effects of LSD
- 3 Long-term effects on the body
- 4 Effects of LSD on the brain
- 5 Risk reduction strategies
Forms of manufacturing and consumption of LSD
It is manufactured from lysergic acid, which is found in the fungus that grows in rye and other grains.
It is produced in the form of glass in illegal laboratories, mainly in the United States. These crystals subsequently become a liquid for distribution. It is odorless, colorless and has no taste, although many consumers report that it has a slightly bitter taste that comes basically from other substances that help to impregnate the substance in blotting papers.
Known as "Acid" or "tripi" In addition to many other names, LSD is basically presented in blotting papers and drippers, and although it was once in gelatin capsules or squares, this system is already obsolete. It is usually added to absorbent paper, which is then divided into small squares decorated with cartoon designs or characters. Occasionally it is also sold in liquid form. But regardless of the form that is consumed, the LSD leads the user to achieve the same effect: perception is dramatically altered.
Users define their experiences with LSD as "travel", which normally lasts about twelve hours or so. Popularly, the most frequent adverse reaction related to its consumption is known as "bad trip". In these cases, spatial and temporal disorientation may appear, there are panic reactions and terror that if they last for a long time, you experience confusion, anxiety, feelings of need for help and loss of control. This situation causes a need for escape that can sometimes be fatal (vacuum precipitation, running and being run over ...).
When the "bad trip" occurs, the affected person may experience terrifying thoughts and feelings, fear of losing control, fear of madness or even death. Once it begins, if the necessary assistance is not received, the “bad trip” does not stop, and can last until the end of the effects.
The effects of LSD are unpredictable. They depend on the amount taken, the mood, personality and the environment in which the drug is used.
Generally, the first effects of LSD are experienced between thirty and ninety minutes after taking the product. Often the pupils dilate. Physiological changes of various kinds may appear, such as variations in body temperature, blood pressure, heart rate, etc. In any case, according to recent studies,the physical alterations found in users are mainly due to their emotional state and not to a pharmacological effect Properly said.
LSD users often experience loss of appetite, insomnia, dry mouth and trembling. Changes in visual perception are also some of the most common effects, where the user can show a fixation and intensity in certain colors.
The extreme changes in mood go through strong emotional lability: Consumers may be laughing out loud and 5 seconds later crying like children. The worst part is that the LSD user is unable to say what feelings are created by the drug and that they are part of reality. In fact, some people never recover from an acid-triggered psychosis.
In a high dose, LSD produces delusions and visual illusions. Feel like there are changes over time. Sizes and shapes of objects are distorted, as are movements, colors and sounds. Even one's own sense of touch and normal bodily sensations become strange and strange. The sensations seem to "cross", giving the user the feeling of hearing the colors and seeing the sounds. These changes can be frightening and can cause panic.
The ability to make sensible judgments and see common dangers deteriorates. An LSD user with psychotic vulnerability I could try to get out of a window to get a "closer look" at the floor. You might consider it fun to admire the sunset, happily unaware that you are standing in the middle of a road full of cars.
Some LSD users experience flashbacks, or a recurrence of the LSD trip, often without warning, long after taking LSD.
Bad trips and flashbacks are only part of the risks of LSD consumption. Some subjects with specific vulnerabilities may develop psychosis or depression after the consumption of LSD.
Users develop a tolerance to the drug In other words, some frequent users have to take increasing doses to achieve the desired result.
Long term effects on the body
Although LSD normally produces more intense effects at the mental level than the physical level, some acute signs of sympathetic body stimulation ("Fight or flight").
As a result, LSD abusers may require large doses of this drug to obtain the desired effects. This can be dangerous, since high doses of LSD can lead to high toxicity.
Effects of LSD on the brain
It is believed, but it is not known with certainty, that LSD affects the brain's response to serotonin, a neurotransmitter that involves emotions, moods and perceptions.
While the immediate use of LSD causes a variety of hallucinogenic effects, distortion of reality and serious emotional effects, there are also some potentially long-term problematic effects on LSD abuse in especially vulnerable people:
- Chronic psychosis, there are reports of persistent symptoms of psychosis in some long-term consumers.
- Recurrent hallucinations, even after having stopped taking the drug.
Because it is impossible to control the type of experiences one will have, it cannot be predicted whether pleasant and terrifying hallucinations will appear.
Risk Reduction Strategies
Here are some guidelines or strategies to help minimize the risk of LSD consumption:
- It is important to analyze the substance through organizations that are dedicated to it, such as Energy Control, because it is often adulterated with much more dangerous substances, such as amphetamines hallucinogenic like DOC.
- Do not mix with other drugs.
- Do not consume if you have had psychological disorders in the past or if there is a psychiatric history in the closest family.
- Do not consume if you plan to drive in the next 24 hours.
- Make sure you have enough water nearby to hydrate frequently.
- Ensure that, at least, accompany users who take LSD a trusted friend who does NOT consume to control or help those who have consumed (for the difficulty in making even the simplest decisions correctly).
- Ensure that, both on the same day of consumption and the next day, there are no important commitments such as meetings, exams, job interviews, etc.
- Preferably, do not consume in places where there are a lot of people or a lot of noise. The best environment is an interior space, quiet and cozy, with music that accompanies the effects.
- In case of "bad trip", the person who has NOT consumed should first reassure the person who suffers it. If the adverse reaction reaches the panic attack or depersonalization, the recommended medication is benzodiazepines as valium or bromazepam. NEVER administer antipsychotics or others psychoactive drugs.
Learn more about other drugs:
- Tubici or 2CB
- Spice or K2